The course of child’s development starts right at the time of conception. Is a child born with certain behavioral traits that will decide it’s future or that it can depend on surrounding factors both before and after birth?
Nature: At the time of conception a few biological traits both from the mother and father decide a genome for the child. A genetic timetable of the growth pattern is established which includes both physical and mental. Just as when you go to a classroom of first graders, you will find children of different physical abilities and sizes. Some could have a broad or small framed skeletal structure, different eye color, height, shape
With this many theorists lay stress over the developmental stability in the children, which means the verbal, mental and social abilities of children remains the same at later age. For example, if a child has difficulty understanding calculations in the early years of
Nurture: While the Heredity may lay a foundation of all the characteristics of a child’s development, the kind and amount of stimulation, the environment around the child, community, neighborhood and experiences throughout the early years can affect the child positively or negatively. While some children might be restricted in their physical/biological abilities and without any outside help from the family, school and the community could not grow any further than their natural course in their mental and socio-emotional skills. However, if such kids are placed in an environment full of positive reinforcements by parents, teachers
Similarly, if a naturally smart and bright child is surrounded by bad domestic environment or neighbourhood, they are highly prone in not discovering their talents and put them to good use. We see many such examples in criminal masterminds. They have extraordinary intellect and often outsmart the police. In majority of the cases such children have had a highly troubled childhood and had seen extreme violence around them. Only, if these children had got a welcoming atmosphere during their childhood, the story could have been entirely different.
To conclude, I would say that no matter what capabilities the child is born with, high or low, WE: parents, teachers, doctors,